Two new operators. ?= for setting the value of an unset or falsey variable. And ??: which acts like ?: except it it also checks is set.
?= Will be a new operator that allows the user to set an unset or falsey variable. This handy operator will help avoid dreaded unset variable notices.
$foo ?= 'default'; // which is functionally equivalent to: $foo = (isset($foo) && $foo) ? $foo : 'default'; // or if (!isset($foo) || !$foo) $foo = 'default';
??: will be equivalent to the ternary short hand ?: except that it also checks for isset().
// $bar is unset $foo = $bar ?: 'other'; // Throws undefined notice $foo = $bar ??: 'other'; // Does NOT throw undefined notice // ??: is functionally equivalent to: $foo = (isset($bar) && $foo) ? $bar : $other;
This will be very helpful for echoing default variables in HTML like so:
<div class="<?= $user ??: 'guest' ?>"> ... </div>
Next PHP 5.x
Not yet known.
Possible Alternatives To ?= Operator
Possible Alternatives To ??: Operator
This sections details areas where the feature might be improved in future, but that are not currently proposed in this RFC.
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