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PHP RFC: ZPP Failure on Overflow
- Version: 0.1
- Date: 2014-09-22, Last Updated 2014-11-29
- Author: Andrea Faulds, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Status: Under Discussion
- First Published at: http://wiki.php.net/rfc/zpp_fail_on_overflow
PHP is a weakly-typed language, and so implicitly converts between integers and floats when passed to internal functions. Currently, when a float that is beyond the range of an integer (outside [PHP_INT_MIN, PHP_INT_MAX]) is passed to an internal function expecting an integer argument, it will silently truncate (e.g.
-1073741826 on 32-bit platforms), causing a loss of magnitude and sign information, though technically preserving the “lower bits”. This happens without warning, is unintuitive, and can lead to subtle bugs.
zend_parse_parameters and its fast macro counterparts are modified to fail (usually causing the function to bail out with an
E_WARNING and return
NULL) if a float that is outside of the range of an integer, or is NaN, is passed for the
Z_PARAM_LONG) parameter type. Functions which use the
L type or the
strict mode in the macros, which caps at PHP_INT_MIN or PHP_INT_MAX depending on sign (also known as saturation), will continue to simply cap and not fail where the float is out of bounds, but will now fail if NaN is passed. Note that Infinity is considered to be outside the range of an integer, as it compares much like a normal floating-point value.
This proposal would complement the Big Integer Support RFC, as it would be desirable to have functions which only accept platform-native integers (32-bit or 64-bit) error instead of silently truncate when a bigint is passed.
Backward Incompatible Changes
This is an inherently backwards-incompatible change. However, it is behaviour that is dangerous, and this will only affect edge cases. In the unusual case where the truncation/NaN-tolerant behaviour is desired, an explicit
(int) cast can be used.
Proposed PHP Version(s)
As this is a backwards-compatibility break, it is targeted to the next major release of PHP, currently PHP 7.
Unaffected PHP Functionality
This does not affect other implicit integer casts, such as those done with array keys or by the bitwise operators.
Proposed Voting Choices
This is arguably not a language change. However, as it breaks backwards-compatibility, and because some may argue it is a language change, a 2/3 majority will be required. The vote will be a straight Yes/No vote.
Patches and Tests
There is a working pull request containing a patch here: https://github.com/php/php-src/pull/835
After the project is implemented, this section should contain
- the version(s) it was merged to
- a link to the git commit(s)
- a link to the PHP manual entry for the feature
Keep this updated with features that were discussed on the mail lists.
- v0.1 - Initial version